Gzhel is a Russian brand of ceramics primarily featuring blue floral patterns. It takes its name from the Russian village of Gzhel, southeast of Moscow, where it has been produced since 1802. However, the name Gzhel was first associated with earthenware pottery produced in that region as early as the 14th century.
Much of the technique used to produce ceramics and pottery in Russia comes from the Eastern traditions of porcelain-making brought to Europe along the Silk Road. The faience firing techniques seen in these Gzhel pieces were developed by Russian potters in the 19th century, allowing them to produce unique pieces that could compete with Chinese or European imports.